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design of polyacrylamide refractive index

  • Refractive index increments of polyacrylamide and

    The refractive index increments of polyacrylamide for various wavelength were determined both in the usual solvents (water, ethylene glycol, formamide) and in those so far unused (ethanolamine, dimethyl sulfoxide). The values thus obtained are compared with the reported data. The necessity to employ anhydrous polyacrylamide samples is stressed.

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  • Design of a Hybrid Amine Functionalized Polyacrylamide ...

    hybrid hydrogel-PSi sensor design is capable of detecting refractive index changes in polyacrylamide with varying cross-linking density as would occur in a properly designed chemical responsive ...

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  • Polyacrylamide Handbook - SNF Holding Company

    2016-8-19 · generate changes in the refractive index of the components and lead to slight color variations. Color changes can also occur during the storage (due to temperature differences, UV light etc.), and some pails may behave differently within the same batch, quite at random. It is absolutely impossible to predict or control such limited color changes.

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  • Refractive index matching (RIM) of liquid and semi

    2020-4-11 · Hydrogels in general enable the transparent modelling of soft matter , flexible materials in the form of hydrogels made from polyacrylamide and agarose were made with refractive indices in the range of 1.33–1.35 , and refractive index matching of polyacrylamide has been described as a way to enhance the clarity of a hydrogel matrix for gel electrophoresis .

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  • Design of photonic crystal based ring resonator for ...

    2015-8-1 · The designed sensor is sensitive even to small change in the refractive index of blood sample. From Fig. 7, it is clear that resonant frequency is inversely proportional to the refractive index which also satisfies the Maxwell’s electromagnetic equation given in Eq. . Download : Download high-res image (163KB) Download : Download full-size image

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  • Refractive Index Change Due to Volume-Phase

    rather than ellipsometry. The refractive index of PNIPAM microspheres increases from 1.32 to 1:39 when the temperature is varied from below the critical temperature to above the critical temperature. The index change is more pronounced in the shorter wavelength region and it occurs at the same temperature at which the gel microshperes

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  • Polyacrylamide - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    Polyacrylamide. Polyacrylamide (PAM) is a commercially relevant cationic polymer utilized mainly for water treatment due to its high efficiency and rapid dissolution. Being a cationic polymer, PAM can increase the settling rate of bacterial floc and improve the capture of dispersed bacterial cells, suspended solids, and cell fragments ...

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  • Design and Analysis of 2D Photonic Crystal Based

    2019-1-8 · 11.97 (refractive index n = 3.46) of the structure. The sensor has an elliptical shape of resonator which is placed in the middle of the structure, and the circular rod front and back radius is 100 nm. The sensor contains two ports, namely, input and output ports, which are used to propagate and analyze the optical signal with different wavelengths.

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  • Development of Thermoplastic Nanocomposite Optical

    2013-9-17 · Table 1 Refractive index at 589nm of typical optical materials. Typical optical resin materials Refractive index Transparent inorganic materials Refractive index Amorphous fluoropolymer 1.34 TiO2 (Rutile) 2.72 PMMA 1.49 TiO2 (Anatase) 2.52 COP 1.53 Diamond 2.42 Polystyrene 1.59 ZrO2 2.10 Optical polycarbonate 1.59 to 1.63 Al2O3 1.62

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  • Phenolic-compounds sensor based on immobilization

    2020-11-1 · The refractive index of the polyacrylamide gel layer (~1.47) is small, compared with that of the by-product o-quinone (1.5432) formed during the enzymatic reaction. Since the refractive index of the by-product is higher than that of the gel layer, the by-product increases the refractive index …

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  • Refractive Index Change Due to Volume-Phase Transition

    Refractive Index Change Due to Volume-Phase Transition in Polyacrylamide Gel Nanospheres for Optoelectronics and Bio-photonics Brett W. Garner, Tong Cai, Santaneel Ghosh, Zhibing Hu, and Arup Neogi Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203-5017, U.S.A.

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  • Polyacrylamide Handbook - SNF

    2019-12-31 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 1 Introduction Oil Stabilizers Inverters Polymer Hydrogel ... Design of the make-up system is critical and must be made in such a ... generate changes in the refractive index of the components and lead to slight color variations. Color changes

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  • Design and synthesis of low refractive index polymers

    1999-11-1 · The high refractive index of such conventional electro-optic polymers is mainly due to the chromophore moieties. Low refractive index polymers, based on MMARED1 monomer, cannot be obtained by mixing a PMMARED1 polymer and low refractive index polymers. These polymers are not physically compatible. As a result, mixing gives a milky polymer.

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  • Some Solution Properties of Polyacrylamide |

    2020-12-1 · Mesh Size of Charged Polyacrylamide Hydrogels from Partitioning Measurements. ... Influence of polymerization conditions on the viscosity of polyacrylamide via experimental design. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 2006, 102 (6) ... Specific Refractive Index Increments of Polymers in Dilute Solution. 1999,,https: ...

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  • Density, Viscosity, Refractive Index, and Speed of

    2019-5-25 · Experimental results of density, viscosity, and refractive index at 298.15, 303.15, and 308.15 K and speed of sound at 298.15 K in the binary mixtures of methyl acetate + ethylene glycol or + poly(...

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  • Efficient degradation of polyacrylamide using a 3 ...

    Polyacrylamide (PAM) is widely used in polymer flooding processes to increase oil recovery while the byproduct of PAM-containing wastewater is a serious environmental issue. In this study, electrochemical oxidation process (EAOP) was applied for treating PAM wastewater using a new type of 3-dimensional ultra-thin SnO 2 -Sb electrode.

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  • High refractive index organic–inorganic

    2019-5-26 · Observations on the structure of a polyacrylamide gel from electron micrographs. Polymer 1984, 25 (10) , 1419-1423. DOI: 10.1016/0032-3861(84)90103-4. Tsong-Pin Hsu, Dong Sung Ma, Claude Cohen. Effects of inhomogeneities in polyacrylamide gels on thermodynamic and transport properties.

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  • Aging and Thermodynamics of Polyacrylamide Gels ...

    2015-4-30 · curvature) in lens design, since the lens performance depends on a continuous change of the refractive index within the lens material [7]. The Cooke triplets a photographic lens design designed and patented in 1893 by

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  • Study and Design of Hybrid Triplet Lens - scirp.org

    2019-5-26 · Curdlan dissolved in aqueous sodium hydroxide was dialyzed to aqueous calcium chloride to form a gel. Transparent and turbid concentric layers observed in the gel cross section perpendicular to the long axis of the dialysis tube were identified as liquid crystalline gels with refractive index gradient and amorphous gels, respectively. The thickness of each layer was proportional to the ...

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  • Refractive-index-matched hydrogel materials for

    2013-3-25 · Polyacrylamide gel also has a number of qualities desired for RIM–PIV: it is straightforward to manufacture, it can be cast easily into a variety of shapes, it is nearly transparent, and it has a refractive index close to that of water (Stein 2010). Its optical properties, density, and elastic modulus can be controlled by chemical composition

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  • Refractive Index Change Due to Volume-Phase Transition

    Refractive Index Change Due to Volume-Phase Transition in Polyacrylamide Gel Nanospheres for Optoelectronics and Bio-photonics Brett W. Garner, Tong Cai, Santaneel Ghosh, Zhibing Hu, and Arup Neogi Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203-5017, U.S.A.

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  • Polyacrylamide hydrogel phantoms for performance ...

    PAA refractive index at 589 nm has been reported as 1.35 , and may be slightly lower in the NIR assuming normal dispersion similar to water . Varying refractive index from 1.33 to 1.35 led to changes in μ a (800 nm) and μ s ’ (800 nm) of ± 5% and ± 0.2 %, respectively.

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  • Optimal Design of Graded Refractive Index Profile for ...

    2014-2-18 · Therefore, the proposed GP-index profile is obviously superior to the conventional linear profile, cubic profile and quintic profile, and the design methodology presented in this paper that uses a genetic programming technique is a quite convenient means to pursue an optimal nonlinear refractive index profile with broadband and omnidirectional ...

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  • POLYACRYLAMIDE 25085-02-3 China - GuideChem

    2018-11-21 · POLYACRYLAMIDE CAS No.: 25085-02-3 Purity: Kaichuang Chemicals Industrial Co. Ltd Polyacrylamide (PAM) CAS No.: 25085-02-3 Purity: 99 Jinan Haohua Industry Co., Ltd. Scented Dehumidifier Moisture Absorber B...

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  • OSA | Design of multilayer antireflection coatings

    Designs of multilayer antireflection coatings made from co-sputtered and low-refractive-index materials are optimized using a genetic algorithm. Co-sputtered and low-refractive-index materials allow the fine-tuning of refractive index, which is required to achieve optimum antireflection characteristics. The algorithm minimizes reflection over a wide range of wavelengths and incident angles ...

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  • Design and synthesis of

    2021-3-22 · Title: Recent Applications of Polyacrylamide as Biomaterials VOLUME: 1 ISSUE: 1 Author(s):Tsung-Hua Yang Affiliation:Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Cheng Shiu University, 840 Cheng-Ching Road, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 83347. Keywords:Polyacrylamide, biomaterial, enzyme immobilization, drug delivery, extracorporeal toxin removal, smart materials, soft tissue fillers

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  • Recent Applications of Polyacrylamide as Biomaterials ...

    2020-10-8 · A numerical design method is demonstrated for gradient refractive index (GRIN) beam shapers embedded in a medium. The three-dimensional refractive index profile Δn(x, y, z) gradually changes the spatial characteristics of a beam during propagation. Diffraction effects such as beam expansion are controlled and compensated by the refractive index profile, resulting in efficient field ...

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  • Numerical design of three-dimensional gradient

    2014-10-17 · Poly(acrylamides) (PAMs) with various anionic and cationic charge densities from −1.64 to +0.98 meq/g but similar molecular weights were synthesized through radical polymerization. One of the aqueous PAM solutions and an aqueous dispersion of 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO)-oxidized cellulose nanofibril (TOCN) were mixed at various PAM/TOCN weight ratios, and self …

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  • Optimal Design of Graded Refractive Index Proflle for ...

    2018-1-9 · Optimal Design of Graded Refractive Index Proflle for Broadband Omnidirectional Antire°ection Coatings Using Genetic Programming Yongxiang Zhao1, 2, *, Fei Chen2, 3, Qiang Shen2, and Lianmeng Zhang2 Abstract|To eliminate the average re°ectance of antire°ection coatings to the greatest extent, a

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  • Polyacrylamide (PAM) - Michigan

    2017-7-21 · Polyacrylamide Mulch . Design Specifications PAM may be applied in dissolved form with water, or it may be applied in dry, granular, or powered form. The preferred application method is the dissolved form. PAM is to be applied at a maximum rate of ½ pound PAM per 1000 gallons water per 1 acre of bare soil.

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  • Numerical design of three-dimensional gradient

    2020-10-8 · A numerical design method is demonstrated for gradient refractive index (GRIN) beam shapers embedded in a medium. The three-dimensional refractive index profile Δn(x, y, z) gradually changes the spatial characteristics of a beam during propagation. Diffraction effects such as beam expansion are controlled and compensated by the refractive index profile, resulting in efficient field ...

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  • Rational Design of an Antifungal Polyacrylamide

    Life-threatening invasive fungal infections represent an urgent threat to human health worldwide. The limited set of antifungal drugs has critical constraints such as resistance development and/or adverse side effects. One approach to overcome these limitations is to mimic naturally occurring antifu …

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  • Design of a Drug-Delivery System Based On

    2020-5-29 · Design of a Drug-Delivery System Based On Polyacrylamide Hydrogels Chem. Educator, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2001 101 ' 2001 Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., S1430-4171(01)02461-7, Published on Web 02/16/2001, 10.1007/s00897010461a, 62100mv.pdf CH2 CH CONH2 n + CH CH 2 C O NH CH2 NH C O CH CH n K2S2O8 TEMED 25”C CH2 CH CONH2 CH2 CH CONH2 CH2 CH CO NH CH2 ...

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  • Refractive indices and refractive index increments of ...

    Design of an instrument and refractive index of trans‐decalin as function of temperature and pressure † G. L. Hammel Institut für physikalische Chemie, Universität …

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  • Study and Design of Hybrid Triplet Lens - scirp.org

    2015-4-30 · curvature) in lens design, since the lens performance depends on a continuous change of the refractive index within the lens material [7]. The Cooke triplets a photographic lens design designed and patented in 1893 by

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  • Design and synthesis of

    adshelp[at]cfa.harvard.edu The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A

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  • Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based ...

    2021-6-13 · 1 Title: Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based flocculants in hydrosystems: a review 2 3 Authors: A. G. Guezennec1, C. Michel1, K.Bru1, S. Touze1, N. Desroche2, I. Mnif3, M. Motelica-Heino4 4 1 BRGM 5 2 Nexidia SAS, 15 Rue de Mayence 21000 DIJON France 36 Université de Nice 7 4 ISTO, UMR 7327 CNRS-Université d’Orléans, 1A rue de la Férollerie, 45071 Orléans cedex 2

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  • Polyacrylamide Handbook - SNF

    2019-12-31 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 1 Introduction Oil Stabilizers Inverters Polymer Hydrogel ... Design of the make-up system is critical and must be made in such a ... generate changes in the refractive index of the components and lead to slight color variations. Color changes

    Get Price
  • Design of negative refractive index metamaterial with ...

    Design of negative refractive index metamaterial with water droplets using 3D-printing Zhaoyang Shen1, Helin Yang1, Xiaojun Huang1,2 and Zetai Yu1 1College of Physical Science and Technology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, People’s Republic of China 2College of Physics and Electric Engineering, Kashgar University, Kashgar 844008, People’s Republic of

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  • Design and analysis of solid‑core microstructured optical ...

    2020-6-22 · Design and Analysis of Solid-Core Microstructured Optical Fiber Sensors for Sensing Surrounding Refractive Index and Surrounding Temperature iii Prof. Perry Ping SHUM, Nanyang Technological University, Dr. Dora Juan Juan HU, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR)’s Institute for Infocomm Research,

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  • 5 things all engineers should know about refractive

    2021-7-12 · The refractive index is one of the basic concepts in optical sciences. Same as volume, and density, the refractive index is a fundamental property of all materials. However, not only materials that are used in optics have a refractive index. For example, the refractive index of water is 1.33, and the refractive index of air is around to 1.0.

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  • Design of a compact and high sensitive refractive

    A nanometric and high sensitive refractive index sensor based on the metal-insulator-metal plasmonic Bragg grating is proposed. The wavelength encoded sensing characteristics of the refractive index sensor were investigated by analyzing its transmission spectrum. The numerical results show that a good linear relationship between the Bragg wavelength and the refractive index of the sensing ...

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  • Design of multilayer antireflection coatings made from

    2008-7-22 · Design of multilayer antireflection coatings made from co-sputtered and low-refractive-index materials by genetic algorithm Martin F. Schubert 1, Frank W. Mont , Sameer Chhajed1, David J. Poxson 2, Jong Kyu Kim 1, and E. Fred Schubert 1,2,* Future Chips Constellation, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 USA

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  • ACRYLAMIDE AND POLYACRYLAMIDE - Markit

    Report No. 99 ACRYLAMIDE AND POLYACRYLAMIDE by YEN-CHEN YEN e June 1976 a A private report by the PROCESS ECONOMICS PROGRAM l STANFORD RESEARCH INSTITUTE

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  • www.advmat.de Highly Stretchable, Strain Sensing

    2019-1-8 · ical aperture of a preswelling step-index fiber (NA nn co 2 =− cl) would be 0.325, where n co is the core index (1.411) and n cl is the clad index (1.373). At a fully swollen state, the effec-tive acrylamide concentrations in the core and clad would be reduced to 5.2% and 11.2%, and the refractive index …

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  • Design of fiber metamaterials with negative

    Metamaterials possess intricate, sub-wavelength microstructures, making scalability a salient concern in regard to their practicality. Fiber-drawing offers a route to producing large quantities of material at relatively low cost, though to our knowledge, a fiber-based design capable of negative refractive index behaviour has not yet been proposed.

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  • Effects of physicochemical properties of polyacrylamide ...

    polyacrylamide (PAA) and (polydimethylsiloxane) PDMS on cardiac cell behavior Karim Daliri,a Kurt Pfannkuche *abcd and Bora Garipcan*e In vitro cell culture is commonly applied in laboratories around the world. Cultured cells are either of primary origin or established cell lines.

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  • Effects of physicochemical properties of

    Effects of physicochemical properties of polyacrylamide (PAA) and (polydimethylsiloxane) PDMS on cardiac cell behavior K. Daliri, K. Pfannkuche and B. Garipcan, Soft Matter, 2021, 17, 1156 DOI: 10.1039/D0SM01986K This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications without requesting further …

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  • DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF L-SHAPED CHIRAL

    2018-1-9 · refractive index, if n < j•j. Thus, j•j should be large enough to overcome the magnitude of n to achieve negative n§. Unlike conventional negative index structure designs [2,3], the chiral negative index structure does not require simultaneously negative permittivity and negative permeability. 3. DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF MICROWAVE

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  • Design of Transmission-Type Refractive Index Sensor,

    2012-10-10 · Near-zero refractive index metamaterials composed of epsilon near zero and mu near zero media constructed by cross and square loop structure, respectively, are proposed. The simulation results have shown that the designed metamaterials can generate a low loss transmission with a refractive index near zero at the operating frequency.

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  • Design of near-zero refractive index metamaterials

    22 February 2007 Design of refractive-index and rare-earth-dopant distributions for large-mode-area fibers used in coiled high-power amplifiers Roger Lee Farrow , G. Ronald Hadley , Dahv A. V. Kliner , Jeffrey P. Koplow

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  • Design of refractive-index and rare-earth-dopant ...

    Metamaterials possess intricate, sub-wavelength microstructures, making scalability a salient concern in regard to their practicality. Fiber-drawing offers a route to producing large quantities of material at relatively low cost, though to our knowledge, a fiber-based design capable of negative refractive index behaviour has not yet been proposed.

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  • Design of fiber metamaterials with negative refractive ...

    2018-9-7 · Yi, X. S., et al. Factorial design applied to flux decline of anionic polyacrylamide removal from water by modified polyvinylidene fluoride ultrafiltration membranes. Desalination 274 , 7–12 (2011).

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  • Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in ...

    Design of high-toughness polyacrylamide hydrogels by hydrophobic modification. Polymer, 2009. Volkan Can. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. READ PAPER.

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  • (PDF) Design of high-toughness polyacrylamide

    35 nm diameter nanoparticles dispersed in water. Concentration 5 wt.%. 24 °C. Refractive index of nanoparticles calculated using Bruggeman's effective medium approximation. References. I. Bodurov, I. Vlaeva, A. Viraneva, T. Yovcheva, S. Sainov. Modified design of a laser refractometer, Nanoscience & Nanotechnology 16, 31-33 (2016) Data

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  • Smart design of a long-period fiber grating refractive ...

    Design strategies for high-sensitivity refractive index sensors based on the principle of wavelength-selective resonant coupling in dual-core photonic crystal fibers are presented. Phase matching at a single wavelength can be achieved between an analyte-filled microstructured core and a small core with a down-doped rod or one small air hole in ...

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  • Design of refractive index sensors based on the

    2008-2-1 · Design and characteristics of refractive index sensor based on thinned and microstructure fiber Bragg grating. Huang XF(1), Chen ZM, Shao LY, Cen KF, Sheng DR, Chen J, Zhou H. Author information: (1)Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China.

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  • Design and characteristics of refractive index sensor ...

    22 February 2007 Design of refractive-index and rare-earth-dopant distributions for large-mode-area fibers used in coiled high-power amplifiers Roger Lee Farrow , G. Ronald Hadley , Dahv A. V. Kliner , Jeffrey P. Koplow

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  • Design of refractive-index and rare-earth-dopant ...

    1996-12-11 · Design of quantum well materials for maximum change in refractive index with minimal loss Abstract: Quantum well material have become attractive materials for integrated optic devices. Most modulator devices based on quantum well materials utilise the electric field dependent absorption due the quantum confined Stark effect.

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  • Design of quantum well materials for maximum

    2018-11-12 · and refractive index. These examples may provide valuable hints for the bioinspired design of photonic materials. 1D multilayer films and 3D colloidal crystals with tunable structural color are overviewed from the viewpoint of advanced materials. The tunability of structural color by swelling and strain is demonstrated on an example of opal ...

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  • Tunable structural color in organisms and photonic ...

    2021-7-12 · The refractive index is one of the basic concepts in optical sciences. Same as volume, and density, the refractive index is a fundamental property of all materials. However, not only materials that are used in optics have a refractive index. For example, the refractive index of water is 1.33, and the refractive index of air is around to 1.0.

    Get Price
  • 5 things all engineers should know about refractive

    2020-12-18 · Luminescent liquid Crystal (LC) material is regarded as the most promising material for polarized organic light emission due to their intrinsic characteristics including orderly alignment and luminescence. Nevertheless, the optical extraction efficiency of LC based organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) devices still requires significant effort and innovation towards real-world applications.

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  • Variable gradient refractive index engineering: design ...

    Designs of multilayer antireflection coatings made from co-sputtered and low-refractive-index materials are optimized using a genetic algorithm. Co-sputtered and low-refractive-index materials allow the fine-tuning of refractive index, which is required to achieve optimum anti-reflection characteristics. The algorithm minimizes reflection over a wide range of wavelengths and incident angles ...

    Get Price
  • Design of refractive index sensors based on the

    For example, Phan Huy et al. have shown that a fiber-sensing system based on photowriting fiber Bragg gratings in a six-hole PCF can achieve a detection limit of 4 × 10 − 3 RIU for analyte refractive index close to 1.33. 9 In 2008, Rindorf and Bang 10 have applied a photonic crystal fiber long-period grating for the detection of the ...

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  • Thin-film Coatings: Understanding key design

    2016-10-13 · Refractive index vs. thickness is plotted for a QWOT layer of index 2.0 on a substrate of index 4.0 to provide the best AR coating at the design wavelength (a). For more broadband coatings, additional layers are added with prescribed refractive-index step-down profiles (b).'

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  • Effects of physicochemical properties of

    Effects of physicochemical properties of polyacrylamide (PAA) and (polydimethylsiloxane) PDMS on cardiac cell behavior K. Daliri, K. Pfannkuche and B. Garipcan, Soft Matter, 2021, 17, 1156 DOI: 10.1039/D0SM01986K This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications without requesting further …

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  • Design of Refractive Index Test Equipment of High ...

    Design of Refractive Index Test Equipment of High Refractive Index Glass Beads by Secondary Rainbow Method p.1320. Vibration Analysis of Beams with Arbitrary Elastic Boundary Conditions p.1325. Research on the Key Technologies of Automatic Inspection Planning of Part Family Based on the Tabular Layouts of Article Characteristics ...

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  • Design of a Near-Zero Refractive-Index Metamaterial

    2020-8-18 · A novel near-zero refractive-index metamaterial unit is proposed. The basic structure of the proposed unit consists of two face-To-face E-Type microstrip lines, both of which connect to a background microstrip line by the corresponding vias on the E-Type microstrip lines crossbar.

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  • Design of Optical Circuit Devices Using Topology ...

    2018-2-11 · Design of Optical Circuit Devices Using Topology Optimization Method With Function-Expansion- Based Refractive Index Distribution 著者 Tsuji Yasuhide, Hirayama Koichi journal or publication title IEEE photonics technology letters volume …

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  • [PDF] Design of high-toughness polyacrylamide

    Abstract Polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels possessing a very large extensibility at break have been prepared via micellar crosslinking copolymerization of acrylamide monomer and N,N′-methylenebis(acrylamide) crosslinker in the presence of hydrophobic comonomers. N-butyl-, N-hexyl-, N-octyl-, and N,N-dihexylacrylamides were used as the hydrophobes in the hydrogel preparation.

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  • Polymers | Free Full-Text | Design and Study of a

    A Design of Taper-Like Etched Multicore Fiber Refractive Index-Insensitive a Temperature Highly Sensitive Mach-Zehnder Interferometer

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  • A Design of Taper-Like Etched Multicore Fiber

    2017-3-1 · Near-zero refractive index photonics — the study of light–matter interactions in the presence of structures with near-zero parameters, that is, continuous media or artificial electromagnetic ...

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