Just fill in the form below, click submit, you will get the price list, and we will contact you within one working day. Please also feel free to contact us via email or phone. (* is required).

polyacrylamide environmental impact in colombia

  • POLYACRYLAMIDE IN AGRICULTURE AND

    2010-11-20 · PAM IN AGRICULTURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL LAND 77 from acid soil conditions. Coal can provide humic acids which stimulate stabilization of soil organic fractions (Dzhanpelsov et al., 1984). Many fertilizers directly and indirectly affect soil physical properties and many conditioners directly and indirectly affect soil fertility. The overlap occurs

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in ...

    2018-9-7 · The presence of degraded polyacrylamide could lead to a significant increase in mobility of the molecule in the environment due to the more hydrophilic nature of polyacrylamide with increased ...

    Get Price
  • Environmental impact assessment in Colombia: Critical ...

    Abstract. The evaluation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) systems is a highly recommended strategy for enhancing their effectiveness and quality. This paper describes an evaluation of EIA in Colombia, using the model and the control mechanisms proposed and applied in other countries by Christopher Wood and Ortolano.

    Get Price
  • Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs):

    2018-10-4 · Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs): environmental half life determination in sludge-treated soil Dieter Hennecke1*,Angela Bauer1,Monika Herrchen1,Erik Wischerho 2and Friedhelm Gores3 Abstract Background: Cationicpolyacrylamidecopolymers(PAMs)areusedforsludgedewateringinmunicipalwastewater

    Get Price
  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CIVIL CONFLICT: THE

    2014-9-9 · Focusing on the recent experience of Colombia, this paper starts to ll these gaps in the case of deforestation. Using a satellite-based estimate of forest cover per municipality for 1990, 2000, 2005 and 2010, as well as detailed data on the longitudinal dynamics of civil con ict, we show that violence in Colombia has exacerbated deforestation.

    Get Price
  • The use of super-expanding polyacrylamide polymer

    1992-10-1 · The use of polyacrylamide polymer in controlling mine waste 1451 Cations adsorbed at pH 2.0 showed high release of Cu (66.7%), Fe (99.2%) and Zn (12.7%) at pH 1.00, release of all but Cu (for which release remained high at 33.3%) dropped to less than 2.4% at pH 4.66. At pH 8.50 only Cu (50.0%) and Zn (9.1%) are re-released above 2.4%.

    Get Price
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Forest First’s ...

    2020-9-28 · Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Forest First’s Forestry Project in Puerto Carreño-Vichada (Colombia)

    Get Price
  • Colombia: Strengthening Environmental and Natural ...

    2019-11-23 · Colombia: Strengthening Environmental and Natural Resources Institutions 1. SUMMARY1 1.1. The health-related economic cost of selected environmental exposures in Colombia 1. The overall objective. This study is intended to generate technical inputs in the policy dialogue

    Get Price
  • Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs):

    2018-5-18 · Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs) are used for sludge dewatering in municipal waste water treatment and might enter the environment by spreading of the sludge on agricultural land. Concern has been expressed since little is known about the degradation of PAMs in soils.

    Get Price
  • Environment | Colombia Country Brand

    Colombia is home to almost two hundred Andean condors and efforts are continuing to boost their population. Three pairs from a breeding program were recently introduced to Colombia …

    Get Price
  • anionic polyacrylamide pam flocculant in colombia ...

    2021-6-5 · china oem ferrous sulfate nonionic polyacrylamide in colombia | manufacturer of polyacrylamide for water treatment industrial. 5 Polyacrylamide manufactory in China, we produce Anionic PAM, Cationic PAM and Nonionic PAM, with annuel capacity about 60000tons, and export over 30000 tons to more than 50 countries every year, we also provide OEM service for...

    Get Price
  • water retention cationic polyacrylamide in colombia ...

    2021-6-11 · pathway in BHK21 cells over time, retention of polyprotein processing... , Ashland, MA, USA) and separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide... Community in Colombia, South America DENNY M. CÁRDENAS, MIGUEL A. JAIMES... 2017.03.21. Get Price

    Get Price
  • EIA CASE STUDY: Mining - Colombia

    2016-5-13 · that fall under the law and its regulations. In Colombia there is only one project category—and so only one type of environmental impact study—but the depth and content of the EIA are subject to terms of reference laid out by the administrative body governing the EIA process.

    Get Price
  • Understanding the impact of cationic polyacrylamide on ...

    2018-7-16 · Understanding the impact of cationic polyacrylamide on anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge Dongbo Wang a, b, Xuran Liu a, b, Guangming Zeng a, b, *, Jianwei Zhao a, b, Yiwen Liu c, Qilin Wang d, Fei Chen a, b, Xiaoming Li a, b, Qi Yang a, b, ** a College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, PR China b Key Laboratory of Environmental …

    Get Price
  • china blufloc anionic polyacrylamide apam colombia ...

    china oem ferrous sulfate nonionic polyacrylamide in colombia Kemira Superfloc. 5 Polyacrylamide manufactory in China, we produce Anionic PAM, Cationic PAM and Nonionic PAM, with annuel capacity about 60000tons, and export over 30000 tons to more than 50 countries every year, we also provide OEM service for...

    Get Price
  • Impact of lockdown on particulate matter

    Through rainfall simulating in laboratory, and observation on soil sample slices, this study intended to disclose the impact of polyacrylamide on the development of loess soil surface crust. The results showed that polyacrylamidecould reform soil structure and ...

    Get Price
  • The Impact of Environmental Education on

    2021-4-10 · To understand the impact of the variations of the pollutants in the country during lockdown, Mendez-Espinosa et al. (2020) analyzed the values of four stations in urban areas belonging to the cities of Bogota and Medellin. The authors show that the environmental levels of PM 2.5 and PM 10 are reduced by 40% and 44%, respectively. However, in ...

    Get Price
  • Environmental impact of primary beef production

    2020-3-6 · The Impact of Environmental Education on Environmental and Renewable Energy Technology Awareness: Empirical Evidence from Colombia Hans-Erik Edsand1 & Tobias Broich2 Received: 3 October 2018/Accepted: 15 May 2019 # The Author(s) 2019 Abstract This paper empirically investigates to what extent environmental education (EE) at

    Get Price
  • Analysis of the environmental impact using the waste ...

    Environmental impact of primary beef production chain in Colombia: Carbon footprint, non-renewable energy and land use using Life Cycle Assessment Author links open overlay panel Ricardo González-Quintero a Diana María Bolívar-Vergara b Ngonidzashe Chirinda a 1 Jacobo Arango a Heiber Pantevez c Rolando Barahona-Rosales b María Solange ...

    Get Price
  • Beloved Colombian hippos pose environmental

    2020-2-6 · Beloved Colombian hippos pose environmental dilemma. At dusk, the street lights flicker on around a city park, located not far from the Magdalena River in Colombia. An enormous figure emerges from the shadows. It lumbers forward, stopping to graze on the grass. The scene verges on surreal: A hippopotamus — in South America.

    Get Price
  • Methods of environmental impact assessment in

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Colombia constitutes the primary tool for making decisions with respect to projects, works and activities (PWA) with potential for significant environmental impacts. In the case of the infrastructure of the PWA, the EIA is mandatory and determines the environmental license (EL) for construction and operation.

    Get Price
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Forest First’s ...

    2020-9-28 · Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Forest First’s Forestry Project in Puerto Carreño-Vichada ... 7 Proposed Environmental Prevention and Mitigation Measures (including a thorough discussion of ... Forest First Colombia S.A.S. – FFC- has a forestry plantation project in the Colombian Department of ...

    Get Price
  • Colombia | UNEP - UN Environment Programme

    Colombia. UN Environment has supported a wide range of projects and initiatives in Colombia over the last 20 years, working on topics related to sustainable consumption and production, climate change mitigation and adaptation, environmental governance, disaster risk reduction, ecosystem management and conservation, and integrated environmental ...

    Get Price
  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CIVIL CONFLICT: THE

    2014-9-9 · The environmental impact of civil con ict: The deforestation e ect of paramilitary expansion in Colombia Leopoldo Fergussony Dario Romeroz Juan F. Vargasx September 5, 2014 Abstract Despite a growing body of literature on how environmental degradation can fuel civil war, the reverse e ect, namely that of con ict on environmental outcomes, is rela-

    Get Price
  • Global Polyacrylamide Market - Industry Analysis and ...

    Global Polyacrylamide Market was valued at US 3.50 Bn in 2019 and is expected to reach US 4.74 Bn by 2027, at a CAGR of 7.9 % during a forecast period. To know about the Research Methodology :- Request Free Sample Report The objective of the report is to present a comprehensive assessment of the market and contains thoughtful insights, facts, historical data, industry-validated market data ...

    Get Price
  • Climate change in Colombia: A study to evaluate

    This research analyses and evaluates the trends and perspectives of climate change in Colombia. This study aims to understand the main ideas and concepts of climate change in five regions of the country by analysing attitudes and values, information habits, institutionalism and the social appropriation of science and technology.,The research study involved a focus group technique.

    Get Price
  • PharmaCielo seeks to minimize environmental impact

    2017-1-13 · PharmaCielo seeks to minimize environmental impact in Colombia. CNW Group January 13, 2017. Press Releases 61 views. PharmaCielo Ltd. President and CEO Dr. Patricio Stocker is pleased to announce two key initiatives designed to ensure that all PharmaCielo operations meet the highest global standards of environmental sustainability.

    Get Price
  • Impact EvaluatIon of utZ cErtIfIEd coffEE program In

    2021-3-31 · Impact Evaluation of UTZ Certified Coffee Program in Colombia. (2008-2012). CRECE. Manizales, Colombia. about crEcE: The Centre for Regional Entrepreneurial and Coffee Studies is a nonprofit organization based in Colombia, with 28 years of experience in socio-economic research and consulting. Our work has been oriented to support decision-

    Get Price
  • THE VALUE OF AIR TRANSPORT IN COLOMBIA - IATA

    2019-10-30 · The Value of Aviation in Colombia Connectivity & Competitiveness are the keys to maximizing the economic benefits of air transport Key Points • Aviation is a very important economic facilitator, contributing more than US 7.5 billion in GDP and generating 600,000

    Get Price
  • EIA CASE STUDY: Mining - Colombia

    2016-5-13 · that fall under the law and its regulations. In Colombia there is only one project category—and so only one type of environmental impact study—but the depth and content of the EIA are subject to terms of reference laid out by the administrative body governing the EIA process.

    Get Price
  • Colombia: Strengthening Environmental and Natural ...

    2019-11-23 · Colombia: Strengthening Environmental and Natural Resources Institutions 1. SUMMARY1 1.1. The health-related economic cost of selected environmental exposures in Colombia 1. The overall objective. This study is intended to generate technical inputs in the policy dialogue

    Get Price
  • Colombia | UNEP - UN Environment Programme

    Colombia. UN Environment has supported a wide range of projects and initiatives in Colombia over the last 20 years, working on topics related to sustainable consumption and production, climate change mitigation and adaptation, environmental governance, disaster risk reduction, ecosystem management and conservation, and integrated environmental ...

    Get Price
  • Environmental Impacts and acid Drainage of Coal Mining

    2012-2-19 · ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND ACID DRAINAGE OF COAL MINING IN CUNDINAMARCA DEPARTMENT, COLOMBIA Gloria Prieto and Luz Mery Duitama INGEOMINAS Diagonal 53# 34-53 Santa Fe de Bogota, Colombia Phone: +57 1 2200060, Fax: + 57 1 2220824 E-mail [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] ABSTRACT

    Get Price
  • Tourism in postconflict Colombia: environmental

    The end of the armed conflict between the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and the Colombian government in 2016 has meant an impulse of tourism, making it to become one of the economic activities that contributes most to the country's economy, especially in areas that were isolated by the conflict. In this scenario of peacebuilding, the national government has proposed the realization of...

    Get Price
  • Towards a systemic assessment of environmental

    Ingeniería e Investigación (2013-09-01) . Towards a systemic assessment of environmental impact (SAEI) regarding alternative hydrosedimentological management practice in the Canal del Dique, Colombia

    Get Price
  • Colombia Environment - current issues - Geography

    2020-11-27 · Definition: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or ...

    Get Price
  • PharmaCielo seeks to minimize environmental impact

    2017-1-13 · PharmaCielo seeks to minimize environmental impact in Colombia. CNW Group January 13, 2017. Press Releases 61 views. PharmaCielo Ltd. President and CEO Dr. Patricio Stocker is pleased to announce two key initiatives designed to ensure that all PharmaCielo operations meet the highest global standards of environmental sustainability.

    Get Price
  • Columbia Environmental Consulting Ltd.

    Columbia Environmental is a resource management and environmental engineering consulting firm located in Penticton, British Columbia. Established in 1999, we offer a wide variety of services including Project Management, Environmental Site Assessments, Remediation Services, and Biological Services.

    Get Price
  • MAXIMIZING THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL ENTERPRISES IN

    2018-9-5 · 2 | MAXIMIZING THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL ENTERPRISES IN RURAL COLOMBIA. The Boston Consulting Group | 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS. 04.CUTIVE SUMMARY EXE 06. ROLE OF THE SOCIAL ENTREPRENEUR IN THE THE VELOPMENT OF COLOMBIA’S COUNTRYSIDEDE olombia’s countryside and opportunities for improvementC Main challenges for the countryside in the current …

    Get Price
  • Adapting to a Changing Climate in Colombia

    Expand impact. We are replicating our most successful projects in mountainous areas of Colombia that have similar ecological and social conditions. Regional environmental authorities are using guidelines for land use planning and restoration — which CI helped develop alongside NGO and governmental partners — to help the most vulnerable high ...

    Get Price
  • Investigation of polyacrylamide application under ...

    Degradation of agricultural soils and nutrient losses affected by intensive agriculture and tillage are some of the environmental and agricultural concerns. These concerns lead to emergence and development of conservative technologies such as conservation tillage systems [(RT),(NT)] and anionic polyacrylamide (PAM). A study was conducted to determine the consequences of three tillage systems ...

    Get Price
  • EIA CASE STUDY: Mining - Colombia

    2016-5-13 · that fall under the law and its regulations. In Colombia there is only one project category—and so only one type of environmental impact study—but the depth and content of the EIA are subject to terms of reference laid out by the administrative body governing the EIA process.

    Get Price
  • Energy, Economic, and Environmental Evaluation of

    The electrical sector in the Caribbean region of Colombia is currently facing problems that affect its reliability. Many thermo-electric plants are required to fill the gap and ensure energy supply. This paper thus proposes a hybrid renewable energy generation plant that could supply a percentage of the total energy demand and reduce the environmental impact of conventional energy generation.

    Get Price
  • Regionalizing the Environmental Impact of Bamboo

    Regionalizing the Environmental Impact of Bamboo-Based Buildings by Integrating Life Cycle Assessment with Geographic Information Systems. A Comparative Case-Study in Colombia

    Get Price
  • A foreseen environmental disaster in Colombia?

    2020-11-27 · Definition: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or ...

    Get Price
  • Colombia Environment - current issues - Geography

    Environmental problems in Colombia , Such as air pollution or high deforestation, among others, Continue to generate high costs in terms of health and deterioration of environmental resources.. By 2014, according to the Global Atlas of Environmental Justice, Colombia was the country with the greatest environmental problems in Latin America.

    Get Price
  • Adapting to a Changing Climate in Colombia

    Expand impact. We are replicating our most successful projects in mountainous areas of Colombia that have similar ecological and social conditions. Regional environmental authorities are using guidelines for land use planning and restoration — which CI helped develop alongside NGO and governmental partners — to help the most vulnerable high ...

    Get Price
  • Investigation of polyacrylamide application under ...

    Degradation of agricultural soils and nutrient losses affected by intensive agriculture and tillage are some of the environmental and agricultural concerns. These concerns lead to emergence and development of conservative technologies such as conservation tillage systems [(RT),(NT)] and anionic polyacrylamide (PAM). A study was conducted to determine the consequences of three tillage systems ...

    Get Price
  • The Environment in Colombia’s Post-Conflict - WOLA

    2018-4-13 · Now that the conflict is officially over between the Colombian government and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Revolucionarias Armadas de Colombia, FARC) environmental issues are attracting more international attention.While Colombia faces the typical sustainability challenges due to deforestation, large-scale oil spills, pollution, and poor environmental practices in …

    Get Price
  • Colombia – GSG - Making Impact Count

    Mission & Purpose. Our mission is to consolidate the impact economy in Colombia to support the achievement of the SDGs. We want to mobilize organizations and resources to solve the most pressing social and environmental challenges in the country. We believe that social and environmental impact should be at the base of each investment decision.

    Get Price
  • ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND

    2010-6-26 · assessment of environmental impact and industrial safety in development wells palagua – caipal field puerto boyaca (boyaca, colombia) joshi technologies international, inc. assessment of environmental impact and industrial safety in development wells palagua – caipal field puerto boyaca (boyaca, colombia) bogotá d.c., colombia – 2010

    Get Price
  • Gimpact - Environmental Consulting and Advising in

    Environmental Consulting. ABOUT US. Gimpact is an organization founded in 2020 in Neiva - Colombia, focused especially on the provision of environmental and investigative consulting and advisory services, in the design of courses and training. Today, we face natural, social and economic challenges, due to our business models, which is why it is ...

    Get Price
  • As Climate Changes, Colombia’s Small Coffee Farmers

    2021-4-4 · Environmental Factors in Colombia. Filed Under: Essays. 3 pages, 1006 words. Organizations are not isolated of what happens in the environment outside them, they face uncertainty in dealing with events in the external environment and they have to adapt to new changes regarding customers, government, economic conditions and technology.

    Get Price
  • ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND

    2010-6-26 · assessment of environmental impact and industrial safety in development wells palagua – caipal field puerto boyaca (boyaca, colombia) joshi technologies international, inc. assessment of environmental impact and industrial safety in development wells palagua – caipal field puerto boyaca (boyaca, colombia) bogotá d.c., colombia – 2010

    Get Price
  • Colombia: The Environmental Consequences Of The

    2020-9-29 · Notwithstanding the environmental and health consequences of using glyphosate, the effectiveness of the chemical has also come under question. In Colombia for example, 32 hectares must be sprayed to achieve a one-hectare decrease in coca growth and it does not stop coca cultivation, it simply displaces coca crops elsewhere (Isacson, 2020).

    Get Price
  • A foreseen environmental disaster in Colombia?

    Mission & Purpose. Our mission is to consolidate the impact economy in Colombia to support the achievement of the SDGs. We want to mobilize organizations and resources to solve the most pressing social and environmental challenges in the country. We believe that social and environmental impact should be at the base of each investment decision.

    Get Price
  • Colombia – GSG - Making Impact Count

    2021-2-8 · environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental monitoring (EM) practices for aquaculture-related activities, in six Latin American countries; namely Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Honduras and Mexico. It is divided into three major segments: first, the legal framework that includes EIA and its procedures. Second the

    Get Price
  • Review of environmental impact assessment and

    Bogotá, Colombia 1 [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] Resumen Abstract La Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental (EIA) en Co- The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in lombia, se constituye en la principal herramienta Colombia constitutes the primary tool for ma- para tomar decisiones sobre, proyectos ...

    Get Price
  • Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment in

    2019-7-31 · Social, environmental and economic impacts through the production, commercialization and exportation of Hass avocado in the Eastern Antioquia (Colombia) Deisy Carolina Álvarez Vélez Angie Paola Monsalve Esumer University Institution Faculty of International Studies Medellin, Colombia 2019

    Get Price
  • Social, environmental and economic impacts through the ...

    Environmental problems in Colombia , Such as air pollution or high deforestation, among others, Continue to generate high costs in terms of health and deterioration of environmental resources.. By 2014, according to the Global Atlas of Environmental Justice, Colombia was the country with the greatest environmental problems in Latin America.

    Get Price
  • 7 Environmental Problems in Colombia Very Serious |

    2021-4-4 · Environmental Factors in Colombia. Filed Under: Essays. 3 pages, 1006 words. Organizations are not isolated of what happens in the environment outside them, they face uncertainty in dealing with events in the external environment and they have to adapt to new changes regarding customers, government, economic conditions and technology.

    Get Price
  • Analysis of the environmental impact using the waste ...

    Analysis of the environmental impact using the waste reduction algorithm in polypropylene production by applying grade transitions strategies in Colombia Environ Sci Pollut Res Int . 2019 Dec;26(35):35533-35542. doi: 10.1007/s11356-019-05493-4.

    Get Price
  • Climate Risk Profile: Colombia | Global Climate Change

    2017-7-19 · This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Colombia, including how climate change will potentially impact infrastructure, water resources, agriculture, ecosystems and human health. The brief includes an overview and climate summary of the country, as well as projected climate changes. Also included is information on the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate ...

    Get Price
  • DRUG WARS IN LATIN AMERICA: THE ENVIRONMENTAL

    2016-9-21 · 2. Environmental Degradation: The Result of Failure to Curb Drug-Trafficking However, escalating violence is far from the only negative impact of U.S. intervention in the drug trade. Rather, patterns of environmental destruction in Latin America are extremely consistent with the course of violence explained above.

    Get Price
  • 'Hot air' carbon offset scheme undermines Colombia's ...

    Journal of Political Ecology (2020-12-01) . How do environmental impact assessments fail to prevent social conflict? Government technologies in a dam project in Colombia

    Get Price
  • How do environmental impact assessments fail to

    2019-12-16 · Report on environmental planning and management for water impoundment projects funded by the Bank. IDB, 1991. All but one of the projects reviewed in this study are energy sector-related. 6 For purposes of this study, the concept of environmental impact means the impact on the physico-biotic

    Get Price
  • Ex post Evaluation of the Impact of the Environmental ...

    A COMPARISON OF SIX ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REGIMES The United States The Czech Republic Slovakia The European Community The World Bank The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development _____ Introduction On Jan 1, 1970 the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) was signed into law.1 NEPA's principal, and most innovative ...

    Get Price
  • A COMPARISON OF SIX ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

    2012-2-20 · (2007). Using policy-based strategic environmental assessments in water supply and sanitation sector reforms: the cases of Argentina and Colombia. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal: Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 175-187.

    Get Price
  • Using policy-based strategic environmental

    2019-9-5 · Aprendizaje organizacional y evaluación de impacto ambiental en la Corporación del Valle del Cauca de Colombia Environmental Impact Asses Rev , 21 ( 2001 ) , págs. 223 - 239 Artículo Descargar PDF Ver registro en Scopus Google Scholar. Sewell, 1981 WRD Sewell

    Get Price
  • (ESP) Environmental Impact Assessment in Colombia ...

    2015-11-9 · Coffee Plantations and Environmental Impacts For the eighth reflective blog post of IARD 4011, we were asked to comment on the Beenhouver et al. (2013) and Perfecto et al. (1996) readings on the shade and sun coffee, as well as their economic, environmental and social impacts.

    Get Price