Just fill in the form below, click submit, you will get the price list, and we will contact you within one working day. Please also feel free to contact us via email or phone. (* is required).

polyacrylamide friction reducer in azerbaijan

  • Sinofloc Polyacrylamide Used As Friction Reducer ...

    When polyacrylamide used as friction reducer to add into the fracturing fluids, this product could reduce the pipe friction and through using Sinofloc polyacrylamide as friction reducer, the liquid in the turbulent flow resistance is greatly reduced. To learn more information please contact us [email protected]

    Get Price
  • FR HS | Solvay

    2021-7-12 · Solvay offers a wide range of polyacrylamide based friction reducers with high stability and ease of use to answer the demands of different water chemistries and reservoirs. FR-HS is a cationic friction reducer for use in high brines greater than 200 ppm total dissolved solids.

    Get Price
  • High Concentration Polyacrylamide-Based Friction

    2016-2-1 · Traditionally, friction reducer systems have been used to promote laminar flow in pipe to reduce friction pressure in pumping of low viscosity, slickwater-type fracture treatments. In these types of treatments, velocity is the key factor in proppant transport into the reservoir.

    Get Price
  • Successful Breaker Optimization for Polyacrylamide ...

    2007-1-29 · To pump a high-rate fracture stimulation with fresh water or brines, a friction reducer must be employed. Most friction reducers used in slickwater fracture stimulation are high-molecular-weight polyacrylamide emulsions. Since these friction reducers are typically pumped at low concentrations (0.5 to 2 gpt), the industry belief has been that ...

    Get Price
  • Viscosity Breaker For Polyacrylamide Friction Reducers

    2009-11-24 · Dawson in U.S. Pat. No. 6,983,801 teaches the use of esters and/or crosslinkers in connection with a breaking agent to break down the viscosity of a hydratable polymer in a well treating fluid. However, there is still a need for a viscosity breaker for a well treatment fluid that contains a polyacrylamide friction reducer.

    Get Price
  • Drag reduction behavior of hydrolyzed polyacrylamide ...

    2014-9-1 · Polyacrylamide is a high molecular weight water soluble polymer that used to improve flow. It is used to reduce energy and friction losses and can also be called friction reducers. Water can be injected to simulate oil production.

    Get Price
  • Performance of polyacrylamide as drag reduction

    2017-9-27 · polyacrylamide copolymer and is supplied in easy-to-handle . emulsion form. FG-11022 is a highly efficient friction reducer when . used in water-based fracturing fluids and is capable of reducing pressure due to friction by amounts in excess of 70%. FG-11022. High-Performance Anionic Friction Reducer for Hydraulic Fracturing.

    Get Price
  • High Performance Anionic Friction Reducer

    The friction reducer of slick‐water is PAM polymer. Anionic polyacrylamide (APAM), nonionic polyacrylamide (NPAM), or cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) from Changzheng Chemical Company is used to prepare a high molecular weight 0.1 wt% PAM solution. The molecular weight distribution and the charge density are shown in Table 2.

    Get Price
  • Reduced adsorption of polyacrylamide‐based

    A well treating fluid useful in slickwater fracturing processes contains polyacrylamide friction reducer and a viscosity breaker capable of reducing the viscosity of the well treating fluid to about the viscosity of water at ambient temperatures of typical underground formations. The viscosity breaker is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen peroxide, calcium peroxide, magnesium ...

    Get Price
  • high concentration polyacrylamide-based friction

    Polyacrylamide Friction Reducer for Kuwait oil industry. High Concentration Polyacrylamide-Based Friction Reducer. Traditionally, friction reducer systems have been used to promote laminar flow in pipe to reduce friction pressure in pumping of low viscosity, slickwater-type fracture treatments.

    Get Price
  • High Concentration Polyacrylamide-Based Friction

    2016-2-1 · Traditionally, friction reducer systems have been used to promote laminar flow in pipe to reduce friction pressure in pumping of low viscosity, slickwater-type fracture treatments. In these types of treatments, velocity is the key factor in proppant transport into the reservoir.

    Get Price
  • synthetic weight polyacrylamide used as friction

    2019-5-25 · Friction reducer (FR) is one of the primary components of this fracturing fluid. It is used to decrease the flowing friction in pipeline. Flow loop tests in lab and field applications have addressed this issue thoroughly. However, the flow characteristics of friction reducer solutions in …

    Get Price
  • Flow Behavior Characterization of a Polyacrylamide

    Anionic Friction Reducer of Polyacrylamide Emulsion China Superior friction reduction co-emulsion polyacrylomide is mainly used in oil drilling industry. BFR-01 is a low to moderate charge, high molecular weight anionic friction reducer designed to be added 'on …

    Get Price
  • friction reducer polyacrylamide emulsion in qatar

    2021-7-12 · Friction Reducers are used mainly in slickwater fracturing operations to reduce the pressure loss caused by friction. Solvay offers a wide range of polyacrylamide based friction reducers with high stability and ease of use to answer the demands of different water chemistries and reservoirs. FR-HS is a cationic friction reducer for use in high brines greater than 200 ppm total dissolved solids.

    Get Price
  • FR HS | Solvay

    2017-8-28 · Drag reduction behavior of hydrolyzed polyacrylamide/xanthan ... slickwater treatments, friction reducer is a significant component of the fluid. Long, flexible chain polyacry-lamide-based polymers are known to be the most effective drag reduction polymers (Kim et al. 1998).

    Get Price
  • Drag reduction behavior of hydrolyzed polyacrylamide ...

    Finally, the pore size distribution of shale filling was calculated by Matlab programming.) The friction reducer of slick‐water is PAM polymer. Anionic polyacrylamide (APAM), nonionic polyacrylamide (NPAM), or cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) from Changzheng Chemical Company is used to prepare a high molecular weight 0.1 wt% PAM solution.

    Get Price
  • Reduced adsorption of polyacrylamide‐based

    The present disclosure relates to fracturing fluids that use friction reducers. The composition of the present disclosure is a slurry comprising a water-soluble polymer suspended in an oil-based vehicle with the aid of a suspension agent and a surfactant. Specifically, the water-soluble polymer is polyacrylamide and the oil-based vehicle is petroleum distillate.

    Get Price
  • high concentration polyacrylamide-based friction reduce

    Polyacrylamide Friction Reducer for Kuwait oil industry. High Concentration Polyacrylamide-Based Friction Reducer. Traditionally, friction reducer systems have been used to promote laminar flow in pipe to reduce friction pressure in pumping of low viscosity, slickwater-type fracture treatments.

    Get Price
  • Cationic Polyacrylamide for Oil & Gas Industry - Sinofloc

    Friction Reducer SINOFLOC is offering a broad range of leading-class friction reducer to our customers. Our product range includes anionic polyacrylamide powder, anionic polyacrylamide emulsion and cationic polyacrylamide powder. SINOFLOC cationic polyacrylamide is specially designed as efficient friction reducer for brines or high TDS conditions.

    Get Price
  • synthetic weight polyacrylamide used as friction

    Anionic Friction Reducer of Polyacrylamide Emulsion China Superior friction reduction co-emulsion polyacrylomide is mainly used in oil drilling industry. BFR-01 is a low to moderate charge, high molecular weight anionic friction reducer designed to be added 'on …

    Get Price
  • friction reducer polyacrylamide emulsion in qatar

    Innospec’s HiRate D Series are composed of dry, fine, and ultra-fine grind polyacrylamide friction reducers for use in fresh water to heavy brines. This product also works at higher loadings as a viscosifying agent in fresh water applications. Product is mixed on site using IOS’s Dry Blend Field Unit, then pumped as a concentrate.

    Get Price
  • INNOSPEC » Dry Friction Reducers - INNOSPEC

    Flopam FO4190 VHM is a kind of cationic polyacrylamide with 10-15% charge and medium molecular weight.Chinafloc C1312 can replace of FO4190 VHM totally with good performance. Cationic polyacrylamide of Zetag 8125 can be replaced by Chinafloc C2012. Zetag 8125 is a kind of cationic polyacrylamide with 20% charge mainly used for municipal and ...

    Get Price
  • cationic polyacrylamide ,cationic polyacrylamide ...

    2018-1-2 · The company’s ThinFrac MP is a cost-effective polyacrylamide polymer friction reducer with superior proppant-carrying properties. This synthetic polymer provides rapid hydration in 8 seconds to 10 seconds in cold water, developing instantaneous viscosity in slickwater fracturing operations, and delivers the proppant to the fractures.

    Get Price
  • Engineered Friction Reducers Enhance Proppant

    Friction reducers are intended to reduce the friction in the wellbore but fall short on performance, until now. Innospec Oilfield Services' offers a wide range of proprietary formula liquid or dry friction reducers specifically designed for the unconventional challenges that face many clients today: to deliver lower pumping pressures using less product in less time.

    Get Price
  • Drag reduction behavior of hydrolyzed polyacrylamide ...

    Friction reducers of anionic and cationic hydration quick Solid (powder) for saline brines. DPAM Series is a fast-hydrating, high-performance dry friction reducer (DFR) for stimulation fluids in both fresh water and brines with low to medium salinity. With a low dosage (1 to 2 pptg), it reduces friction …

    Get Price
  • Flow Behavior Characterization of a Polyacrylamide

    2019-5-25 · Friction reducer (FR) is one of the primary components of this fracturing fluid. It is used to decrease the flowing friction in pipeline. Flow loop tests in lab and field applications have addressed this issue thoroughly. However, the flow characteristics of friction reducer solutions in …

    Get Price
  • Reduced adsorption of polyacrylamide‐based

    Finally, the pore size distribution of shale filling was calculated by Matlab programming.) The friction reducer of slick‐water is PAM polymer. Anionic polyacrylamide (APAM), nonionic polyacrylamide (NPAM), or cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) from Changzheng Chemical Company is used to prepare a high molecular weight 0.1 wt% PAM solution.

    Get Price
  • CCT Case Study - Cation Friendly Anionic Polymer Use

    2020-10-3 · CrudeChem Technologies has supplied friction reducer in 40+ wells between 2019‐2020. Aware of the solid accumulations due to cations composition in the Anadarko Basin, especially Iron in the Woodford, we brought to market a Sodium‐AMPS modified hydrolyzed polyacrylamide. The polyacrylamide has been polymerized with AMPS

    Get Price
  • What Is A Friction Reducer and Why Is It Needed? |

    Friction reducers of anionic and cationic hydration quick Solid (powder) for saline brines. DPAM Series is a fast-hydrating, high-performance dry friction reducer (DFR) for stimulation fluids in both fresh water and brines with low to medium salinity. With a low dosage (1 to 2 pptg), it reduces friction …

    Get Price
  • Friction Reducers – Aisling Chem Inc

    High molecular weight (10 6 –3 × 10 7 Da) polyacrylamide (PAM) is commonly used as a flocculant in water and wastewater treatment, as a soil conditioner, and as a viscosity modifier and friction reducer in both enhanced oil recovery and high volume hydraulic fracturing. These applications of PAM can result in significant environmental challenges, both in water management and in ...

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in ...

    2021-6-1 · Friction Reducer for Slick water Fracturing Supplier Manufacturers and Manufacturer's Representative for Fracturing. FInOrIC, etymologically derived from our business line of Fine Inorganic, Organic and Industrial Chemicals, is the internationally preferred source for Chemicals.With customers in 55 countries across 5 continents, we source and sell most chemicals.

    Get Price
  • Evaluation of friction reducers for use in recycle ...

    2019-11-28 · The use of non-toxic drag reducing polyacrylamide (~107 Da) as a friction reducer in water intensive hydraulic fracturing has made massive gas extraction …

    Get Price
  • Friction Reducer Suppliers Manufacturers, USA

    2017-12-5 · Behavior Characterization of a Polyacrylamide based Friction Reducer in Microchannels. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2014, 53(51): 20036-20043. 1/4 [6] Experimental Study of Friction Reducer Flows in Microfracture. Fuel. 2014;131(0 ...

    Get Price
  • polyacrylamide emulsion as oilfield friction reducing ...

    2021-7-6 · PAM Polyacrylamide & Flocculants & Oilfield Chemicals - Sinofloc - Sinofloc Polyacrylamide Used As Friction Reducer. Friction reducer, or called drag reducing agents are the agents that could reduce the resistance of a fluid to transport which are mostly water-soluble or oil-soluble polymer.

    Get Price
  • Flow Behavior Characterization of a Polyacrylamide

    2019-5-25 · Friction reducer (FR) is one of the primary components of this fracturing fluid. It is used to decrease the flowing friction in pipeline. Flow loop tests in lab and field applications have addressed this issue thoroughly. However, the flow characteristics of friction reducer solutions in …

    Get Price
  • Reduced adsorption of polyacrylamide‐based

    Finally, the pore size distribution of shale filling was calculated by Matlab programming.) The friction reducer of slick‐water is PAM polymer. Anionic polyacrylamide (APAM), nonionic polyacrylamide (NPAM), or cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) from Changzheng Chemical Company is used to prepare a high molecular weight 0.1 wt% PAM solution.

    Get Price
  • FR-WH | Solvay

    2021-7-10 · Friction Reducers are used mainly in slickwater fracturing operations to reduce the pressure loss caused by friction. Solvay offers a wide range of polyacrylamide based friction reducers with high stability and ease of use to answer the demands of different water chemistries and reservoirs. FR-WH is an anionic friction reducer that can be used in water up to 150 ppm total dissolved solids.

    Get Price
  • Solutions | Polimero Solutions

    P-5030 is an uniquely engineered high molecular weight anionic polyacrylamide friction reducer. P-5030 is designed to be used in a variety of waters from fresh water up to 50k TDS brines. It is easily dispersed, inverted, and hydrated into solution with a minimal amount of shear. P-5030 is an all-weather FR with a pour point of -30ᵒ F.

    Get Price
  • Friction Reducer Anionic Pam Oil Field Chemicals

    High quality Friction Reducer Anionic Pam Oil Field Chemicals from China, China's leading Anionic Pam Oil Field Chemicals product, with strict quality control Friction Reducer Oil Field Chemicals factories, producing high quality Friction Reducer Oil Field Chemicals products.

    Get Price
  • SNF Holding Company • 1 Chemical Plant Road •

    2016-8-19 · SPE 179146 Dry Polyacrylamide Friction Reducer: Not Just for Slick Water by M. Sanders, K. Felling, S. Thomson, Southwestern Energy Company, et al.• Low rate of proppant settling SPE 179154 High Concentration Polyacrylamide-Based Friction Reducer Used as a Direct Substitute for Guar-Based Borate Crosslinked Fluid in Fracturing Operations

    Get Price
  • Evaluation of friction reducers for use in recycle ...

    High molecular weight (106–3 × 107 Da) polyacrylamide (PAM) is commonly used as a flocculant in water and wastewater treatment, as a soil conditioner, and as a viscosity modifier and friction reducer in both enhanced oil recovery and high volume hydraulic fracturing. These applications of PAM can result in significant environmental challenges, both in water management and in contamination ...

    Get Price
  • [PDF] Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications

    2019-11-28 · The use of non-toxic drag reducing polyacrylamide (~107 Da) as a friction reducer in water intensive hydraulic fracturing has made massive gas extraction …

    Get Price
  • polyacrylamide emulsion as oilfield friction reducing ...

    2021-7-6 · PAM Polyacrylamide & Flocculants & Oilfield Chemicals - Sinofloc - Sinofloc Polyacrylamide Used As Friction Reducer. Friction reducer, or called drag reducing agents are the agents that could reduce the resistance of a fluid to transport which are mostly water-soluble or oil-soluble polymer.

    Get Price
  • FR-WH | Solvay

    2021-7-10 · Friction Reducers are used mainly in slickwater fracturing operations to reduce the pressure loss caused by friction. Solvay offers a wide range of polyacrylamide based friction reducers with high stability and ease of use to answer the demands of different water chemistries and reservoirs. FR-WH is an anionic friction reducer that can be used in water up to 150 ppm total dissolved solids.

    Get Price
  • Rockwater | Friction Reducers

    RCKSLIQ VFR-500 Cationic viscoelastic friction reducer slurry in BTEX non-detectable carrier fluid used in source water from fresh up to high brine; designed to increase proppant transport characteristics. RCKSLIQ DCT-104 Anionic polyacrylamide emulsion polymer that is high brine tolerant; improved performance in divalent cation laden source ...

    Get Price
  • Friction Reducers | Sunita Hydrocolloids Inc., USA (SHI)

    Liquid Friction Reducer Polymer. Very high molecular weight anionic polyacrylamide for use in oilfield as fresh water friction reducer and water treatment industry. It is designed to enhance the water displacement in oil wells by considerably reducing the friction pressure at very high flow rates.

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in ...

    High molecular weight (10 6 –3 × 10 7 Da) polyacrylamide (PAM) is commonly used as a flocculant in water and wastewater treatment, as a soil conditioner, and as a viscosity modifier and friction reducer in both enhanced oil recovery and high volume hydraulic fracturing. These applications of PAM can result in significant environmental challenges, both in water management and in ...

    Get Price
  • Impact of slickwater fracturing fluid compositions on the ...

    2020-10-13 · A friction reducer is often used to reduce the flowing friction in the wellbore during hydraulic fracturing. Extensive researches have been conducted to examine the extent it can reduce the fluid friction in tubings; however, no research has

    Get Price
  • Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Considerations in Marcellus ...

    2020-10-6 · Without using a friction reducer, the surface pressure would be higher than desired to reach the required pump rate during the treatment. Friction reducers are commonly a polyacrylamide polymer that is added at low concentrations (± 0.5 gal/Mgal). Once FR is added to the base

    Get Price
  • Friction reducer compositions comprising an

    [00034] Component 'a' of the aqueous friction reducer composition of the present invention is ionic polyacrylamide in an emulsion or in solid form. Anionic polyacrylamide is a copolymer of acrylamide and sodium acrylate monomers, which is also known as hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) as shown in Schemes i and 2 below.

    Get Price
  • US Patent for Friction reducers and well treatment

    2015-9-30 · The polymeric friction reducer (b) comprised a very high molecular weight anionic polyacrylamide friction reducer. KemFlow A-4451 available from Kemira was added to provide fluids comprising a friction reducer composition in the stated ppm …

    Get Price
  • polyacrylamide emulsion as oilfield friction reducing ...

    2021-7-6 · PAM Polyacrylamide & Flocculants & Oilfield Chemicals - Sinofloc - Sinofloc Polyacrylamide Used As Friction Reducer. Friction reducer, or called drag reducing agents are the agents that could reduce the resistance of a fluid to transport which are mostly water-soluble or oil-soluble polymer.

    Get Price
  • Improved Friction Reducer for Hydraulic Fracturing

    Abstract An improved polyacrylamide friction reducer delivered in an inverse emulsion form has been developed for use in fresh water up to 2% KCl. Improved Friction Reducer for Hydraulic Fracturing portion of the aqueous based chemical stimulation package used in either the stimulation and/or completion of …

    Get Price
  • High Performance Anionic Friction Reducer

    2017-9-27 · polyacrylamide copolymer and is supplied in easy-to-handle . emulsion form. FG-11022 is a highly efficient friction reducer when . used in water-based fracturing fluids and is capable of reducing pressure due to friction by amounts in excess of 70%. FG-11022. High-Performance Anionic Friction Reducer for Hydraulic Fracturing.

    Get Price
  • [PDF] Polyacrylamide degradation and its

    High molecular weight (106–3 × 107 Da) polyacrylamide (PAM) is commonly used as a flocculant in water and wastewater treatment, as a soil conditioner, and as a viscosity modifier and friction reducer in both enhanced oil recovery and high volume hydraulic fracturing. These applications of PAM can result in significant environmental challenges, both in water management and in contamination ...

    Get Price
  • Find Hydraulic Fracturing Friction Reducers by Zinkan

    Zinkan’s WellREADY TM Friction Reducer additives are used in hydraulic fracturing to reduce friction pressures and reduce the energy required in pumping, resulting in low wear and tear. The addition of friction reducers allows fracturing fluids and proppant to be pumped to the target zone at a higher rate with reduced pressure as compared to ...

    Get Price
  • cationic polyacrylamide ,cationic polyacrylamide ...

    2021-7-6 · Friction Reducer Boosters. Our PETROSTEP FRB-5 has been shown to improve friction reduction performance with anionic and cationic emulsion friction reducers (FRs) in harsh water conditions. It has also been shown to boost FRs in water containing up …

    Get Price
  • Oilfield - Stepan Company

    2020-4-22 · Friction Reducer and Thickener for Acids and Brines . Drilling Specialties’ HE® 150 Polymer is a high viscosity synthetic polymer that is useful in thickening hydrochloric acid, brines or fresh water. It shares the excellent high temperature stability found in the …

    Get Price
  • Friction Reducer and Thickener for Acids and Brines

    2021-3-12 · At the same time, aqueous glutaraldehyde concentrations decreased due to sorption to soil and were completely biodegraded within 33–57 days. While no aqueous removal of polyacrylamide friction reducer was observed over a period of 6 months, it cross-linked with glutaraldehyde, further lowering the biocide’s aqueous concentration.

    Get Price
  • Spills of Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals on

    2014-7-24 · In this paper,the mechanism of water-soluble polymeric drag reduction was summed up,and recent progresses in the research of friction reducers,including polysaccharides friction reducers,poly(ethylene oxide) friction reducers and polyacrylamide friction reducer

    Get Price
  • anionic polyacrylamide friction reducer apam for

    2021-7-9 · anionic polyacrylamide friction reducer apam for sugar wastewater treatment anionic polyacrylamide apam polymers water treatment Anionic polyacrylamide APAM for water tank cleaning chemical This product is a water- soluble high polymer.It's not soluble in most organic solvents, with good flocculating activity, and can reduce the friction ...

    Get Price
  • Improved Friction Reducer for Hydraulic Fracturing

    Abstract An improved polyacrylamide friction reducer delivered in an inverse emulsion form has been developed for use in fresh water up to 2% KCl. Improved Friction Reducer for Hydraulic Fracturing portion of the aqueous based chemical stimulation package used in either the stimulation and/or completion of …

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide Market Research Report by region

    In addition, the polymer is used as friction reducer in the pad drilling technique, which is used in the production of Shale gas. Moreover, the growth of mining industry also drives the polyacrylamide market, as it is used for the separation of mineral and ores in mines.

    Get Price
  • Find Hydraulic Fracturing Friction Reducers by Zinkan

    Zinkan’s WellREADY TM Friction Reducer additives are used in hydraulic fracturing to reduce friction pressures and reduce the energy required in pumping, resulting in low wear and tear. The addition of friction reducers allows fracturing fluids and proppant to be pumped to the target zone at a higher rate with reduced pressure as compared to ...

    Get Price
  • PRODUCT DATA SHEET FRICTION REDUCER TS-MB

    2018-8-15 · FRICTION REDUCER TS-MB Anionic Mid Brine Emulsion PRODUCT DESCRIPTION TS-MB is a premium anionic water soluble polyacrylamide based friction reducer (FR) that is highly effective in Mid brine conditions. It has high molecular weight and is manufactured as a liquid-emulsion. Addition of small amounts, typically 0.25 – 1.00 gpt (gallons per ...

    Get Price
  • Dry Friction Reducer | Schlumberger

    20 years R&D,production experience, 67000sqm new plant. Quality is never an accident, it is always the r Xitao Polymer Co., Ltd. was founded in 1997 and has been dedicating to the innovation of PAM series products. It is a high-tech company that combines research, production, marketing, and after-sale service.

    Get Price
  • Xitao Polymer Co., Ltd. - Polyacrylamide Series

    2015-3-16 · Corporate Head Office | 2900, 645 – 7th Avenue SW | Calgary, Alberta | Canada T2P 4G8 | P 403.266.0202 | TricanWellService.com Houston Office | Suite 600, 5825 N. Sam Houston Parkway West | Houston, Texas | United States 77086 | P 1.281.716.9152 | TricanWellService.com TECHNICAL PAPER SPE 141358 ISBN 978-1-55563-343-1 CRITICAL EvALUATIoN of BIoCIdE-fRICTIoN REdUCER …

    Get Price
  • CRITICAL EvALUATIoN of BIoCIdE-fRICTIoN REdUCER ...

    Xitao Polymer Co., Ltd. China Manufacturer with main products:Polyacrylamide ,Super absorbent polymer ,oilfield chemical ,friction reducer ,mining flocculant

    Get Price
  • Xitao Polymer Co., Ltd. - Polyacrylamide & Super

    The new friction reducer was also field tested in New Mexico using produced water with higher than 250,000 ppm TDS and 50,000 ppm total hardness as CaCO 3, and head-to-head comparison with a conventional friction reducer under field conditions showed significant performance improvement in terms of pumping at much higher rates while maintaining ...

    Get Price