Just fill in the form below, click submit, you will get the price list, and we will contact you within one working day. Please also feel free to contact us via email or phone. (* is required).

supplier of study on optimal conditions of poly ferric chloride

  • Study on optimal conditions of poly ferric chloride (PFC ...

    2021-1-1 · Poly ferric chloride (PFC) solution with general formula [Fe 2 (OH) nCl 6-n] m when dissolved will produce 4 polymer particles: Fe 2 (OH) 2 4+, Fe 3 (OH) 4 5+, Fe x (OH) y (3x-y) + and Fe x O y (OH) x + r (2x-2y-r). is supplied by Saigon Green Environment & Construction Co. Ltd in Tan Phu District, Ho Chi Minh City. The tested PFC has been prepared to use as the …

    Get Price
  • Study on optimal conditions of poly ferric chloride (PFC ...

    In addition, a common flocculant polyaluminium chloride (PAC) was chosen to compare with PFC in term of treatment efficiency and cost effective. As the result, with 0.4 ml/l PFC, pH – 10.4 with 100 rpm spins, it reaches its efficient treatment COD process to 93,3%; NH4+ 90,4% and SO42- 79,2% with could easily promote a potential alternative flocculant with excellent performance but lower …

    Get Price
  • Optimization of coagulation with ferric chloride as a ...

    2017-8-1 · The optimal conditions were calculated in the software Design-Expert 7 for the set goals, and they were pH of 5.58 and 26.38 mg L −1 of Fe 3+ with the predicted response: 7.48 mg L −1, DOC; 0.10 NTU, turbidity; and 3.85, resulting pH.

    Get Price
  • Comparison of poly ferric chloride and poly titanium ...

    2021-1-28 · In their study, Galloux et al. pointed out that PTC is more efficient than ferric chloride, which is comparable to the results obtained from the current study (Galloux et al. 2015). Residual pH For PTC in optimum dosage (600 mg/L), the solution pH was reduced from 7 to 6.61, and for PFC in optimum dosage (800 mg/L), pH was reduced from 9 to 7.12 after the coagulation …

    Get Price
  • Efficiency Comparison of PolyDADMAC Coagulant with

    2017-11-1 · In this research, the coagulation of raw water was studied using PolyDADMAC alone, and mixed coagulant of PolyDADMAC and ferric chloride at various dose and ferric chloride alone were compared. The study range was selected for turbidity (NTU3850, 80), pH (9-5) and different concentrations of coagulant material .Data analysis was performed using Excel, SPSS software …

    Get Price
  • China Polyaluminium Chloride manufacturer, Activated ...

    2016-1-20 · Dake Enterprise Water Purification Materials Factory optimally delivers High Purity Polyaluminium Chloride, Polyaluminium Chloride, Poly Ferric Sulfate, Poly Ferric Chloride, Polyaluminum Sulfate, Polyaluminium Ferric Chloride, Polyacrylamide, Ferric Trichloride of middle and high basicity polymers and iron salts to its customers.

    Get Price
  • Production of Industrial Coagulant (Poly Aluminium ...

    2019-7-5 · obtained from the literature. Reports show that Ferric chloride, alum and aluminium chloride has optimum mixing speed of 120, 140 and 140rpm at pH 4, 4 and 6 at 35℃. . Flocculation of latex effluent was carried conditions. Results and Discussion Preparation of poly aluminium chloride (PAC) From 20 cans, 190 g of aluminium powder was

    Get Price
  • Preparation and coagulation performance of poly-ferric ...

    2011-3-1 · This study aims to investigate the preparation, characterization and coagulation performance of poly-ferric-aluminum-silicate-sulfate (PFASS) with different silicon quantity from fly ash. After the structure and morphology analysis of the samples were carried out by infrared spectra (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) …

    Get Price
  • Study of Esterification Waste water Treatment by Different ...

    2018-12-12 · by three kinds of flocculants (poly aluminum chloride (PAC), polymeric ferric sulfate (PFS), poly aluminum ferric chloride (PAFC)), the influences of flocculent concentration, temperature and pH on the treatment based on removal rate of CODcr and turbidity were investigated by orthogonal experiment method. Then two kinds of coagulant aid (cationic poly …

    Get Price
  • Pretreatment for seawater desalination by flocculation ...

    2011-12-1 · The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of modified PFSi (PFSi-δ) as a new flocculant in pretreatment for seawater desalination. The results will be compared with ferric chloride (FeCl 3), a common flocculant for seawater pretreatment. The characteristics of the flocs formed by two flocculants were also examined.

    Get Price
  • Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal Efficiency of Biological ...

    2007-3-15 · Study on optimal conditions of poly ferric chloride (PFC) dosage treating tannery wastewater Materials Today: Proceedings Treatment of Leather Industry Wastewater and Recovery of Valuable Substances to Solve Waste Management Problem in Environment

    Get Price
  • Feasibility and optimization of wastewater treatment by ...

    2020-11-17 · Regarding the aim of our study, the experiment was divided into two phases. Batch tests were applied to select an optimal chemical coagulant from polyalumin-ium chloride (PAC), polyaluminium ferric chloride (PAFC), poly ferric sulfate (PFS) (individual or couple with poly acrylamide [PAM]) during the first phase. At the second

    Get Price
  • Optimizing Chemically Enhanced Primary Treatment Processes ...

    2019-3-16 · The optimal coagulant (15 mg/L ferric chloride) and flocculant (0.5 mg/L poly aluminum chloride (PACl)) combination achieved total COD, soluble COD, total suspended solids (TSS), and total phosphorus (TP) removal efficiencies of 76, 58, 89, and 84, respectively, in a …

    Get Price
  • Improvement in the coagulation performance by combining Al ...

    2008-6-18 · Analytical grade PAC (poly aluminum chloride, Backkwang Chem-ical) and FeCl3 (ferric chloride, Wako Chemical) were selected as single coagulants in this study. Blended coagulants were prepared with a mixture of PAC and Ferric chloride in the ratios of 1.45, 0.48, and 0.16 mM Al/mM Fe and labeled as the blend coagulant I, II, and III, respectively.

    Get Price
  • The Efficiency Evaluation of Applying Poly Ferric Sulfate ...

    2019-10-29 · an optimal coagulant dosage to minimize membrane fouling. Lee et al. found an optimal poly aluminum chloride (PACl) dosage with respect to fouling minimization, and the dosage depended heavily on the physical and chemical characteristics of the waste water. Tran et al. reported that dissolved organic carbon (DOC)

    Get Price
  • Preparation and Study of a Composite Flocculant for ...

    2013-12-24 · polyaluminium ferric chloride and cationic polyacryla-mide, we tried to prepare a composite flocculant consist-ing of sodium alginate, polyaluminium ferric chloride and cationic polyacrylamide to treat papermaking waste- water. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the flocculation performance of the composite flocculant. 2.

    Get Price
  • Production of Industrial Coagulant (Poly Aluminium ...

    2019-7-5 · obtained from the literature. Reports show that Ferric chloride, alum and aluminium chloride has optimum mixing speed of 120, 140 and 140rpm at pH 4, 4 and 6 at 35℃. . Flocculation of latex effluent was carried conditions. Results and Discussion Preparation of poly aluminium chloride (PAC) From 20 cans, 190 g of aluminium powder was

    Get Price
  • Journal of Environmental Health and Sustainable ...

    with an optimal dose of 200 mg/L 11. In another study on the treatment of wastewater from stone-cutting industries, Fahiminia et al. investigated the effects of different doses of coagulants, including aluminum sulfate (alum), poly-aluminum chloride, polymer, ferric chloride (FeCl3) and lime in

    Get Price
  • USING POLYALUMINIUM COAGULANTS IN WATER

    2017-8-1 · SUPPLIER NAME COMPOSITION FORMULA SG at WT. Al2O3 Al AS IS 20oC OTHER AS IS 100% Al Aluminium Chlorohydrate ACH OMEGA MEGAPAC 23 Al2(OH)5.Cl 174.45 23.5 12.4 40.2 1.33 Basicity 82% Chloride 8.5% pH 3.5 1.00 2.49 8.04 Aluminium Chlorohydrate ACH ALUMINATES PAC 23 (APAC 333) Al2(OH)5.Cl 174.45 23.5 12.4 40.2 1.33 - 1.35

    Get Price
  • The Optimal Experimental Research on the Fluoride

    In this paper the experiment research of fluoride removal was based on coagulating sedimentation method, and the defluorination effect of coagulant’s kinds and dosage、parameters of rotational speed and coagulant aid’s dosage was studied and optimized, which could provide crafts parameters of efficient-whirling clarifier for engineering application .

    Get Price
  • Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal Efficiency of Biological ...

    2007-3-15 · Study on optimal conditions of poly ferric chloride (PFC) dosage treating tannery wastewater Materials Today: Proceedings Treatment of Leather Industry Wastewater and Recovery of Valuable Substances to Solve Waste Management Problem in Environment

    Get Price
  • ISSN: 0975-766X CODEN: IJPTFI Available Online through ...

    2016-7-24 · The results showed that after using the poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride and aluminum sulfate coagulants, in the turbidity of 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 NTU, the pH level have reduced in a way that by increasing each mg/l poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride about 0.01 unit pH have reduced.

    Get Price
  • Study on Environmental Materials with Treatment of Sweet ...

    The results showed that poly aluminum ferric chloride (PAFC) was chosen as an optimum coagulant for effective treatment. The optimal coagulation precipitation conditions were determined as follows: pH8, dosage of PAFC 1200mg/l, PAM100mg/l, sedimentation time 30 min.

    Get Price
  • Study on Environmental Materials with Treatment of Sweet ...

    This study aimed at, pre-treatment of sweet potato starch wastewater and acquisition the application conditions of environmental materials though coagulation precipitation. The removal rates of COD and turbidity were investigated by process to find kind and quantity of suitable coagulant, quantity of coagulate aids, pH and setting time. The results showed that poly aluminum ferric chloride …

    Get Price
  • Studying the Characteristics of Polypyrrole and its Composites

    2019-8-2 · for 5 hours. The optimal conditions for PPy and its composites preparation are summarized in Table 1. In a typical experiment 1 mL of pyrrole monomer was added to stirred aqueous or non-aqueous solutions 100 mL containing 4.8 g of ferric chloride and 0.6-2 g one of the PEG or PVAc. After 5 hours product was

    Get Price
  • Journal of Environmental Health and Sustainable ...

    with an optimal dose of 200 mg/L 11. In another study on the treatment of wastewater from stone-cutting industries, Fahiminia et al. investigated the effects of different doses of coagulants, including aluminum sulfate (alum), poly-aluminum chloride, polymer, ferric chloride (FeCl3) and lime in

    Get Price
  • Synthesis, purification and characterization of ...

    Abstract Taking blast furnace dust and aluminum dross as raw material, PAFC with high (Al + Fe) b content was prepared via optimizing Al/Fe molar ratio and basicity condition in this study. Separation, purification and characterization of (Al + Fe) b were further investigated. The results showed that the (Al + Fe) b content in PAFC peaked at 36.67% with Al/Fe = 7:3 and basicity(B)=1.8.

    Get Price
  • Flocculants and Coagulants | ChemTreat, Inc.

    In this paper the experiment research of fluoride removal was based on coagulating sedimentation method, and the defluorination effect of coagulant’s kinds and dosage、parameters of rotational speed and coagulant aid’s dosage was studied and optimized, which could provide crafts parameters of efficient-whirling clarifier for engineering application .

    Get Price
  • Optimizing Chemically Enhanced Primary Treatment Processes ...

    2019-3-16 · The optimal coagulant (15 mg/L ferric chloride) and flocculant (0.5 mg/L poly aluminum chloride (PACl)) combination achieved total COD, soluble COD, total suspended solids (TSS), and total phosphorus (TP) removal efficiencies of 76, 58, 89, and 84, respectively, in a …

    Get Price
  • Effects on Effluent Quality of Industrial Waste Water ...

    2019-7-1 · The coagulant dosage of ferric chloride ranged between 0.5 g/L and 3 g/L, whereas the concentrations of polyelectrolyte and clay minerals varied between 5-75 mg/L and 25-750 mg/L, respectively. The optimal condition was obtained at the dosage 2 g/L ferric chloride at pH 11 with the COD removal efficiency of 71%.

    Get Price
  • Study on Environmental Materials with Treatment of Sweet ...

    The results showed that poly aluminum ferric chloride (PAFC) was chosen as an optimum coagulant for effective treatment. The optimal coagulation precipitation conditions were determined as follows: pH8, dosage of PAFC 1200mg/l, PAM100mg/l, sedimentation time 30 min.

    Get Price
  • Characterization of an inorganic polymer coagulant and ...

    The pH of water always influences the coagulation performance significantly. 16 It has been reported that organic matter can be better treated under acidic condition than under neutral and alkaline conditions. 28 However, in this study, the optimal pH for the treatment of HA/algae-polluted water was between 6 and 9.

    Get Price
  • Ferric Chloride in Eastern Pennsylvania (PA) on

    Welcome to the premier industrial source for Ferric Chloride in Pennsylvania - Eastern. These companies offer a comprehensive range of Ferric Chloride, as well as a variety of related products and services. ThomasNet.com provides numerous search tools, including location, certification and keyword filters, to help you refine your results.

    Get Price
  • Optimization and economic evaluation of modified ...

    2018-10-17 · Chemicals. Poly-aluminum chloride (Al 2 (OH) n Cl 6−n.YH 2 O, Al 2 O 3 = 30%wt, basicity = 65% and pH = 3) was used as a coagulant and anionic (A 300), cationic (C 270) and nonionic polymers, as the coagulant aids were provided from AquaTech Company, Switzerland.. Preparation of solution. In order to prepare a 10 percent clear solution for coagulant, 10 g of PAC …

    Get Price
  • Efficacy of Removal of CCL Viruses under Enhanced ...

    2019-12-30 · Alum and ferric chloride are the most commonly used coagulants in water treatment applications (17). Ferric chloride is more efficient than alum for NOM removal (17, 21); however, there is no apparent consensus regarding coagulant selection for microbial removal. Alum was used in a related study (8), whereas ferric chloride (ferric chloride

    Get Price
  • Synthesis, purification and characterization of ...

    Abstract Taking blast furnace dust and aluminum dross as raw material, PAFC with high (Al + Fe) b content was prepared via optimizing Al/Fe molar ratio and basicity condition in this study. Separation, purification and characterization of (Al + Fe) b were further investigated. The results showed that the (Al + Fe) b content in PAFC peaked at 36.67% with Al/Fe = 7:3 and basicity(B)=1.8.

    Get Price
  • Case Studies | G2O Technologies

    Wastewater Treatment. As a leading supplier of chemical solutions for paper, pigments, oil & gas and pharma manufacturers, G2O helps customers improve efficiency, reduce cost and strengthen their competitive edge.

    Get Price
  • Journal of Hazardous Materials

    2020-11-3 · flocculants such as ferric chloride, polyaluminum chloride and poly-meric ferric sulfate (PFS), textile dyeing sludge has a large content of elements such as S, Cl, Fe, and Al (Zhang et al., 2017). The traditional Fe2+/H 2O 2 system is a commonly used advanced oxidation technology that has been investigated in several studies. For

    Get Price
  • Ferric Chloride Suppliers - thomasnet.com

    Welcome to the premier industrial source for Ferric Chloride. The companies featured in the following listing offer a comprehensive range of Ferric Chloride, as well as a variety of related products and services. ThomasNet.com provides numerous search tools, including location, certification and keyword filters, to help you refine your results.

    Get Price
  • Ferric Chloride in Eastern Pennsylvania (PA) on

    Welcome to the premier industrial source for Ferric Chloride in Pennsylvania - Eastern. These companies offer a comprehensive range of Ferric Chloride, as well as a variety of related products and services. ThomasNet.com provides numerous search tools, including location, certification and keyword filters, to help you refine your results.

    Get Price
  • Some Studies on the Treatment of Industrial Waste Water ...

    2019-5-1 · In the year (2012), H.Farajnezhad et al studied coagulation treatment of wastewater in petroleum industry using poly aluminum chloride and ferric chloride. The outline for the study include removal of color, COD and TSS from petroleum wastewater. It was found that poly aluminum chloride gives better result as compare to ferric chloride.

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Flocculation activity of novel ferric chloride ...

    The optimal extraction conditions of Artemisia ordosica polysaccharide (AOP) were determined by single factor investigation and response surface methodology optimization, and were shown as follows: a liquid–solid ratio of 15.4 : 1 mL g 1 , extraction time of 4.3 h, extraction

    Get Price
  • Optimization extraction and characterization of Artemisia ...

    Polyaluminium Chloride Solution (PAC) PRODUCT FEATURES . ... This is then dosed into the raw effluent for optimal results. SPECIFICATION. Appearance 4 Clear to light yellow liquid ; ... however the recommendations are without engagement on our part as they depend upon the conditions which vary from plant to plant.

    Get Price
  • Polyaluminium Chloride Solution (PAC) - Polyaluminium ...

    2019-2-1 · For example, Zhu et al. (Zhu et al. 2007) studied the treatment of excess sludge with PAM (polyacrylamide) - PAFC (polymeric ferric chloride), and found that when the total dosage of flocculants was 190 mg/L, the moisture content in sludge decreased from 97% to 79%, and the sludge volume decreased by 86%.

    Get Price
  • Study on the effect of chitosan conditioning on sludge ...

    2018-10-17 · Chemicals. Poly-aluminum chloride (Al 2 (OH) n Cl 6−n.YH 2 O, Al 2 O 3 = 30%wt, basicity = 65% and pH = 3) was used as a coagulant and anionic (A 300), cationic (C 270) and nonionic polymers, as the coagulant aids were provided from AquaTech Company, Switzerland.. Preparation of solution. In order to prepare a 10 percent clear solution for coagulant, 10 g of PAC …

    Get Price
  • Optimization and economic evaluation of modified ...

    2020-2-5 · Final Report: Small-Scale Studies on Low Intensity Chemical Dosing (LICD) for Treatment of Highway Runoff April 19, 2006 P. Bachand1, J. Trejo-Gaytan 3, J. Darby3, J. Reuter2 1Bachand & Associates; 2U.C. Davis Tahoe Environmental Research Center (TERC); 3U.C. Davis Civil and Environmental Engineering in partial fulfillment of Contract No. 43A0073 of Task Order …

    Get Price
  • Final Report: Small-Scale Studies on Low Intensity ...

    2012-10-7 · According to the supplier of the water, a complexing agent similar to EDTA had been added to the water. The aim of this study was to decrease concentrations of nickel, zinc and copper. One part of this study was the precipitation experiments as hydroxide, sulphide and adsorption to hydrous ferric oxide.

    Get Price
  • Characteristic of silver nanowires prepared by polyol ...

    2021-5-18 · In this study, silver nanowires (AgNWs) were prepared by the polyol method using silver nitrate (AgNO ... In order to obtain the optimal experimental conditions for the preparation of AgNWs, the orthogonal experiment ... ferric chloride (FeCl 3) were purchased from Sinopharm Chemical Reagent Co. Ltd. Poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP ...

    Get Price
  • ISSN: 0975-766X CODEN: IJPTFI Available Online through ...

    2016-7-24 · The results showed that after using the poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride and aluminum sulfate coagulants, in the turbidity of 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 NTU, the pH level have reduced in a way that by increasing each mg/l poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride about 0.01 unit pH have reduced.

    Get Price
  • Effects on Effluent Quality of Industrial Waste Water ...

    2019-7-1 · The coagulant dosage of ferric chloride ranged between 0.5 g/L and 3 g/L, whereas the concentrations of polyelectrolyte and clay minerals varied between 5-75 mg/L and 25-750 mg/L, respectively. The optimal condition was obtained at the dosage 2 g/L ferric chloride at pH 11 with the COD removal efficiency of 71%.

    Get Price
  • Ferric Chloride, Coagulant | Beckart Environmental

    Ferric Chloride. Ferric chloride is the coagulant of choice for many industrial and sanitary wastewater treatment applications, due to its high efficiency, effectiveness in clarification, and utility as a sludge dewatering agent. The chemical leaves slight residual color, and offers very good turbidity removal.

    Get Price
  • Studying the Characteristics of Polypyrrole and its Composites

    2019-8-2 · for 5 hours. The optimal conditions for PPy and its composites preparation are summarized in Table 1. In a typical experiment 1 mL of pyrrole monomer was added to stirred aqueous or non-aqueous solutions 100 mL containing 4.8 g of ferric chloride and 0.6-2 g one of the PEG or PVAc. After 5 hours product was

    Get Price
  • Study on Environmental Materials with Treatment of Sweet ...

    The results showed that poly aluminum ferric chloride (PAFC) was chosen as an optimum coagulant for effective treatment. The optimal coagulation precipitation conditions were determined as follows: pH8, dosage of PAFC 1200mg/l, PAM100mg/l, sedimentation time 30 min.

    Get Price
  • Comparing Aluminium Sulfate and Poly-Aluminium Chloride ...

    2021-7-13 · removal efficiency in water treatment plants of Iran. In this study, the effectiveness of aluminium sulfate and poly-aluminum chloride was evaluated at different pH values and coagulant dosage in order to find optimal operational conditions for low to high turbidity waters. The influence of lime, as a coagulant aid, on coagulation

    Get Price
  • Feasibility and optimization of wastewater treatment by ...

    The optimal working condition could be at pH 7.0, settling time 15 min, and velocity gradient of 174.80 and 15.56 s−1 for mixing and reaction phase respectively. While the coagulant dosage depends on raw water attributes, which had a decisive effect on CEPT treatment performances. However, the three coagulants behaved poorly in nitrogen removal.

    Get Price
  • Characterization of an inorganic polymer coagulant and ...

    The pH of water always influences the coagulation performance significantly. 16 It has been reported that organic matter can be better treated under acidic condition than under neutral and alkaline conditions. 28 However, in this study, the optimal pH for the treatment of HA/algae-polluted water was between 6 and 9.

    Get Price
  • The Impact of Zeta Potential on the Physical Properties of ...

    2006-5-3 · The physical properties of natural organic matter (NOM) flocs, such as size, growth rate, and strength, were investigated using a laser diffraction particle sizing device. Conditions were set such that varying carbon coagulant ratio and zeta potential could both be investigated. Results demonstrated a link between zeta potential and coagulation and flocculation performance, with …

    Get Price
  • Efficacy of Removal of CCL Viruses under Enhanced ...

    2020-10-13 · Alum and ferric chloride are the most commonly used coagulants in water treatment applications.17 Ferric chloride is more efficient than alum for NOM removal;17,21 however, there is no apparent consensus regarding coagulant selection for microbial removal. Alum was used in a related study,8 whereas ferric chloride

    Get Price
  • HO Oxidation of Pre-Coagulated Semi Aerobic Leachate 2

    2021-5-13 · and stirrer, the physico-chemical conditions were optimized. It concerns the most effective coagulant between ferric chloride (FeCl 3) and poly-aluminum chloride (PACl), the optimal pH and the H 2 O 2 as the most effective chemical oxidant. The optimum pH and dosage of PACl and FeCl 3 were obtained as 7 and 2.0 g/L, 5 and 1.0 g/L respectively.

    Get Price
  • Polyaluminium Chloride Solution (PAC) - Polyaluminium ...

    Polyaluminium Chloride Solution (PAC) PRODUCT FEATURES . ... This is then dosed into the raw effluent for optimal results. SPECIFICATION. Appearance 4 Clear to light yellow liquid ; ... however the recommendations are without engagement on our part as they depend upon the conditions which vary from plant to plant.

    Get Price
  • Reduction of fractionated dissolved organic matter and ...

    2020-10-29 · detected in the raw water. The optimal condition of polyaluminium chloride (PACl) coagulation for removing dissolved organic matter was obtained at a PACl of 40 mg/l at pH 7. Under such conditions, it could reduce the average DOC to 55% and THMFP to 48%.

    Get Price
  • Study on the effect of chitosan conditioning on sludge ...

    2019-2-1 · For example, Zhu et al. (Zhu et al. 2007) studied the treatment of excess sludge with PAM (polyacrylamide) - PAFC (polymeric ferric chloride), and found that when the total dosage of flocculants was 190 mg/L, the moisture content in sludge decreased from 97% to 79%, and the sludge volume decreased by 86%.

    Get Price
  • Optimization of Electrospinning Conditions for Magnetic ...

    2021-7-7 · prepared on the optimum conditions: 12wt% concentration, 20 kV voltages, 20 cm tips to collector distance and 0.5 mL/h flow rate. At the optimal operating conditions for electrospinning, the role of MNPs content on the nanofibers diameter and specific surface area were explored. It was shown for the first time that, when the Fe 3 O 4

    Get Price
  • Optimization and economic evaluation of modified ...

    2018-10-17 · Chemicals. Poly-aluminum chloride (Al 2 (OH) n Cl 6−n.YH 2 O, Al 2 O 3 = 30%wt, basicity = 65% and pH = 3) was used as a coagulant and anionic (A 300), cationic (C 270) and nonionic polymers, as the coagulant aids were provided from AquaTech Company, Switzerland.. Preparation of solution. In order to prepare a 10 percent clear solution for coagulant, 10 g of PAC …

    Get Price
  • 1437 h 1437. - Wiley

    a 25 ml volumetric flask. Then ferric chloride solution (0.5 ml, 0.10 mol/L), potassium ferricyanide solution (0.5 ml, 0.008 mol/L), and hydrochloric acid solution (0.5 ml, 0.10 mol/L) were added, respectively. The mix-ture was finally diluted with ethanol (60%) to a defined volume (25 mL). The absorbance of the mixture at

    Get Price
  • An alternative method for preparation of polyaluminum ...

    Abstract The drawbacks, high energy consumption, rigorous preparation condition and high impurity contents, have been well-recognized in the preparation of widely-used polyaluminum chloride via conventional methods in industrial scale. In order to overcome the drawbacks, the fresh aluminum hydroxide gels were proposed to prepare the polyaluminum chloride (PACG) in this study. The optimal …

    Get Price
  • Polyaluminum Chloride Solution - GEO Specialty Chemicals

    2015-3-12 · 3204J - Polyaluminum chloride solution Revision date 2015-03-12 Other information Density 9.92 - 10.09 lb/gal Bulk Density No information available Explosive properties No information available. Oxidizing properties No information available Softening point No information available Molecular weight No information available Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) content …

    Get Price
  • Multiple response optimization of the coagulation process ...

    2016-5-18 · The optimal conditions were calculated to be: dosage of 28 mg/L, pH 8.5, and basicity 0.001, respectively. ... treatment of leachate using poly-aluminum chloride (PAC) and alum. ... removal using ...

    Get Price
  • Study on the effect of chitosan conditioning on sludge ...

    2019-2-1 · For example, Zhu et al. (Zhu et al. 2007) studied the treatment of excess sludge with PAM (polyacrylamide) - PAFC (polymeric ferric chloride), and found that when the total dosage of flocculants was 190 mg/L, the moisture content in sludge decreased from 97% to 79%, and the sludge volume decreased by 86%.

    Get Price
  • Effect of polyaluminium chloride water treatment sludge on ...

    2015-9-19 · phosphorus release in any anoxic conditions (Yonghong et al., 2005). The use of PAC however, still ultimately yields sludge rich in aluminium hereafter referred to as polyaluminium water treatment sludge (PA-WTS), which poses a challenge to dispose. From a chemical point of view, polyaluminum chloride (PAC) is similar to alum,

    Get Price
  • Preparation and regeneration of iron-modified nanofibres ...

    2019-9-4 · After optimizing the preparation conditions of the iron-loaded nanocellulose, ferric chloride was determined to be the best modifier chemical. The specific surface area of the modified adsorbent increased from 14.48 to 138.91 m 2 g −1 .

    Get Price
  • Journal of Water Process Engineering - City U

    2020-2-11 · conditions, respectively. Meanwhile, moderate water was required after stirring the suspension with the stirring speed at 60 rpm. Polydimethyldiallyl ammonium chloride was obtained with the reac-tion conditions of initial temperature at 45 °C for 3 h. The poly-merization temperature was 50 °C and the curing temperature was 70

    Get Price
  • Studies of hydrolyzed aluminum chloride solutions. 1 ...

    2019-5-26 · Reaction mode between Si and Fe and evaluation of optimal species in poly-silicic-ferric coagulant. Journal of Environmental Sciences 2007, 19 (6) , 678-688. DOI: 10.1016/S1001-0742(07)60114-4. Bi-Zhou Lin, Jin-Fei Zhang, Bai-Huan Xu, Cong Ding, Xiu-Feng Huang.

    Get Price
  • 12 List of Chemicals Used in Wastewater Treatment Plants ...

    2018-7-9 · Ferric Chloride; A chemical that is also present in wastewater treatment plant is ferric chloride. Ferric chloride is a corrosive chemical used in water purification and sewage treatment. The function of ferric chloride is to remove metal substance from the waste that highly possible will harm environment as well as living being.

    Get Price
  • Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry: Vol ...

    2005-4-1 · Poly(methyl methacrylate)-b-poly(vinyl chloride)-b-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA-b-PVC-b-PMMA) block copolymers were synthesized by the CuCl/2,2′-bipyridine (bpy)-catalyzed living radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) initiated from the chain ends of α,ω-di(iodo)poly(vinyl chloride) in diphenyl ether at 90 °C.

    Get Price
  • types of flocculating agents - simuladorcreditos.cl

    Flocculation - Wikipedia. Flocculation in the field of chemistry is a process by which colloidal particles come out of suspension to sediment under the form of floc or flake either spontaneously or due to the addition of a clarifying agent. ...

    Get Price
  • مقاله Performance Evaluation of Tile Wastewater Treatment ...

    The effective dose and optimal pH were thus selected and the best coagulant was later determined.Results: The optimum pH of 11 was obtained for removal of contaminants by ferric chloride, ferric, ferrous sulfate and 7 for alum and PAC.

    Get Price